Hello garden friends! Let’s welcome the month of November.

November is the month we can expect our first rain and much cooler weather. It’s also a time our garden starts to slow down and much more foliage colors.

Here are our garden duties for the month of November.

First, it’s not too late to plant Spring flower bulbs and tubers. Just don’t forget to add bone meal when planting.

Compost fallen autumn leaves. I like adding leaves to my raised vegetable beds and allow them to become rich humus. Then add organic rich humus to your native soil.

Retain flower and vegetable seeds and store them for next week.

Continue to water landscape plants, even in between rainfall.

Don’t forget to fertilize your landscape trees. Use a fertilizer that is organic based (NPK should be 8-20-30) and higher in phosphate and potassium to promote a healthy root system.

As for dead-head flowering shrubs-such as hydrangea, lilac and crape myrtle it’s necessary to only remove the spent flower head down to the first healthy node.

It’s not too late to renovate your lawn. De-thatch, aerate and seed.

This is an ideal time to start to take perennial flower cuttings, like carnations, geraniums, salvia and many more.

Our feathered friends from up north are here now. Don’t forget to keep water and seed in feeders.

Please don’t prune your roses or fruit trees heavily yet.

Mark Koehler

Mark Koehler of Los Banos is an arborist and master gardener, who has degrees in Landscape Architecture and Landscape Horticulture from UC Berkeley and Northeastern University.